Easiest Chapter in Maths Class 12

The Easiest Chapter in Maths Class 12: A Comprehensive Guide

Mathematics is a subject that often invokes mixed feelings among students. Some find it intriguing, while others may consider it challenging. Class 12 Mathematics, in particular, is crucial as it sets the foundation for higher education in various fields. While many students may find it overwhelming, there’s often a silver lining – an “easiest” chapter. In this article, we will explore and demystify the concept of the easiest chapter in Class 12 Mathematics and shed light on why some may perceive it as such.

Relations and Functions (#1 Easiest Chapter in Maths Class 12)

One of the chapters in Class 12 Mathematics that is often considered the easiest by students is “Relations and Functions.” This chapter primarily deals with the fundamental concepts of relations and functions. It lays the groundwork for understanding more complex topics in calculus, algebra, and other branches of mathematics.

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The primary topics covered in this chapter are:

  1. Introduction to Relations and Functions
  2. Types of Relations
  3. Types of Functions
  4. Composition of Functions
  5. Inverse of a Function

Why is it the Easiest?

Several reasons contribute to the perception that “Relations and Functions” is the easiest chapter in Maths Class 12:

  1. Logical Approach: The concepts discussed in this chapter are logical and straightforward. Students do not need advanced mathematical techniques to grasp these ideas.
  2. Foundational Knowledge: Understanding relations and functions is essential for future chapters. It provides the necessary foundation for topics like calculus, which can be significantly more challenging.
  3. Limited Mathematical Operations: This chapter doesn’t involve extensive calculations or complex mathematical operations, which can be intimidating for some students.
  4. Visual Representation: The concept of relations and functions can be visually represented, making it easier for many students to grasp. Graphs and diagrams can be incredibly helpful.
  5. Real-Life Application: Many students find the practical application of relations and functions in everyday life relatable and easy to understand.

Matrices (#2 Easiest Chapter in Maths Class 12)

Another chapter often perceived as one of the easiest in Maths Class 12 is “Matrices.” This chapter introduces students to the world of matrices and their various properties and operations.

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The primary topics covered in this chapter are:

  1. Introduction to Matrices
  2. Types of Matrices
  3. Operations on Matrices
  4. Transpose of a Matrix
  5. Inverse of a Matrix

Why is it the Easiest?

“Matrices” is considered one of the easiest chapters due to several factors:

  1. No Complex Calculations: Most of the operations on matrices involve basic arithmetic, making it relatively easy to understand and apply.
  2. Visual Representation: Similar to relations and functions, matrices can be visually represented. This visual aid can greatly help students understand the concepts.
  3. Applicability: Understanding matrices is not only relevant in mathematics but also in various other fields like physics, computer science, and engineering. This practicality can make the concepts more engaging and relatable.
  4. Limited Number of Topics: The chapter focuses on a limited number of topics, which allows students to explore each concept thoroughly without being overwhelmed.

Continuity and Differentiability (#3 Easiest Chapter in Maths Class 12)

While “Continuity and Differentiability” is not always considered the easiest chapter, it’s worth noting that some students do find it relatively simpler compared to other topics in Class 12 Mathematics. This chapter delves into the fundamental concepts of calculus, which form the core of mathematics.

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The primary topics covered in this chapter are:

  1. Continuity
  2. Differentiability
  3. Algebra of Continuous Functions
  4. Derivatives of Composite Functions
  5. Derivatives of Inverse Trigonometric Functions

Why is it Considered Easier?

“Continuity and Differentiability” is often considered easier by some students for the following reasons:

  1. Clear Guidelines: The concept of continuity and differentiability comes with clear and specific guidelines. If students understand these guidelines, they can tackle a wide range of problems.
  2. Real-Life Application: Calculus, including continuity and differentiability, has significant real-life applications. This can make the concepts more engaging and easier to understand.
  3. Step-by-Step Approach: The chapter follows a step-by-step approach to building the concepts, starting with basic ideas and progressing to more complex ones. This incremental learning can help students grasp the concepts more easily.

Application of Integrals (#4 Easiest Chapter in Maths Class 12)

“Application of Integrals” is another chapter that some students find Easiest Chapter in Maths Class 12. This chapter extends the concepts of integration to solve practical problems in various fields.

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The primary topics covered in this chapter are:

  1. Area under Simple Curves
  2. Area between Two Curves
  3. Volume of Solids of Revolution
  4. Length of Curves
  5. Area of the Region Bounded by Two Curves

Why is it Considered Easier?

Here are some reasons why “Application of Integrals” is often considered easier:

  1. Concrete Problem Solving: This chapter focuses on solving real-world problems, which can make it more engaging and relatable for students.
  2. Graphical Interpretation: Many concepts in this chapter can be visually represented through graphs and diagrams, making it easier for students to understand and visualize.
  3. Continuation of Previous Learning: The concepts introduced in this chapter build upon the knowledge of integration from the previous class, making it easier for students to follow the progression.

Differential Equations (#5 Easiest Chapter in Maths Class 12)

Differential Equations” is another chapter that, while not universally perceived as easy, is considered manageable by some students. It deals with equations involving derivatives and is crucial in various fields of science and engineering.

The primary topics covered in this chapter are:

  1. Introduction to Differential Equations
  2. Variables Separable
  3. Homogeneous Differential Equations
  4. Linear Differential Equations
  5. Bernoulli’s Differential Equations

Why is it Considered Easier?

  1. Step-by-Step Solutions: Differential equations typically involve a step-by-step approach to find solutions. This structured method can make it easier for students to grasp the concepts.
  2. Real-World Relevance: Differential equations are extensively used in various scientific and engineering disciplines. Understanding their applications can make the concepts more relatable.
  3. Visual Representation: Some types of differential equations can be graphically represented, aiding in the comprehension of the problem-solving process.

Linear Programming (#6 Easiest Chapter in Maths Class 12)

“Linear Programming” is a branch of mathematics that involves optimizing a linear objective function subject to linear inequality constraints. This chapter is often seen as relatively straightforward, given the clear guidelines and practical application.

The primary topics covered in this chapter are:

  1. Introduction to Linear Programming
  2. Mathematical Formulation of Linear Programming
  3. Graphical Method of Solution
  4. Simplex Method
  5. Linear Programming in Two Variables

Why is it Considered Easier?

  1. Clear Objective: In linear programming, the objective is well-defined: to optimize a linear function. This clarity can make the chapter more manageable for students.
  2. Graphical Solutions: Linear programming problems can often be solved graphically, which provides students with a visual representation of the solutions.
  3. Real-Life Applications: Linear programming has significant real-life applications in fields like economics, business, and engineering, making the concepts more relatable.


While the perception of the “easiest” chapter in Maths Class 12 can vary from student to student, some chapters, such as “Relations and Functions,” “Matrices,” “Continuity and Differentiability,” “Application of Integrals,” “Differential Equations,” and “Linear Programming,” are often considered more accessible due to their clear guidelines, real-life applications, and visual representation.

It’s important to note that what is easy for one student may not be the same for another. The ease or difficulty of a chapter depends on individual learning styles and preferences. Nonetheless, understanding the relative simplicity of some chapters can help students build confidence in their mathematical abilities and enjoy the subject even more.

In the end, the key to success in Class 12 Mathematics, and mathematics in general, is regular practice, a clear understanding of fundamental concepts, and seeking help when needed. Whether you find a chapter easy or challenging, perseverance and dedication are the keys to excelling in this important subject.

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