As summer approaches, it becomes more and more obvious that women and men are(often) brightly colored stockings below the knee. The compression stocking. What is it and why are people wearing these? We found out!
What is a compression stocking?
Put simply, you can compare the compression stocking to the compression stocking that is worn in a thrombosis. A tight stocking that ensures better blood circulation in the lower leg. Of course, the materials used are not exactly the same, the compression stocking is really made for sport, but the effect is similar. The compression stocking covers the entire lower leg. It has more compression around the ankle than just below the knee, so it supports the heart’s pumping function. By wearing support socks, you empty the slag in your lower legs more easily, so that less moisture remains during the exertion. The muscles can be so busy doing what they need to be moving.
When do you wear a compression stocking?
A compression stocking is worn as a precaution or possibly to recover from an injury. The group of runners who wear the stockings as a precaution is growing steadily. By enclosing the lower leg in a tight stocking, the calf muscles are less “flattened”. It makes the tendons less mobile and thus reduces the stress. It is also argued that the pulling force on the periosteum can be reduced by wearing a compression stocking. This is one of the causes of the well-known (and very painful) shin splints. The second group of runners use the stockings when recovering from an injury. With the help of the heart’s pumping function, waste products are removed more quickly. This mainly affects the amount of lactate in the blood.
The above claims have not yet been fully proven or have been rejected by science. People benefit from wearing compression stockings, although research is not yet sufficient to allow conclusions to be drawn. It has been proven that compression stockings have an impact on the amount of muscle soreness after training. This has to do with the production of the enzyme creatine kinase. The level of this enzyme in your blood indicates the amount of muscle damage after intense exercise. The lower the presence, the less sore muscles you will experience.
Stocking or hose?
You may have seen or heard of it before; Compression stockings are available with and without a foot. The version without a foot is also known as a hose or leg cuff. The stocking provides compression on both the foot and lower leg and stimulates the removal of waste from the tips of the toes. The tube lacks compression around the foot. This is also the reason that the tube must be removed no later than 30 minutes after training / training in order to avoid “filling up” the foot with slag. The stocking can also be used to promote recovery after exertion.