Online Privacy

What is Online Privacy and Why it is in Danger?

There are a range of current and emerging cyber security vulnerabilities in the information technology field. Increased ransomware, phishing, computer learning and artificial intelligence, cryptocurrency, and more are continuously putting corporate and personal data and property at danger.

The sector appears to be severely impacted, as the cybercrimes issue is often a threat to publicly shake public trust in such high-profile values as freedom, capitalism and online privacy. The industry has a lack of data protection experts. “Honestly, whether you’re talking about a large company or an individual, we’re all at risk,” Heath Ricciuto, from IBM Defense, explained to

The Non-Profit Information Security Forum, “the leading world authority on cyber, information security and risk management,” reports about the increasing opportunities in its annual Threat Horizon report.

Distortion: The systematic propagation of misinformation, even by bots and artificial sources, undermines trust in information reliability.

Deterioration: Organizations’ ability to deal with their own information is negatively affected by rapid intelligence capability growth plus contradictory pressures brought about by evolving national security and individual privacy laws.

Disruption: The ability for premeditated internet interruptions that can build trade workflow on the knees and the potential to hijack the Internet of Things using ransomware is based on the vulnerable network.

Therefore the biggest risks that online entities and businesses face are certainly worth assessing. Here is a closer look at the biggest privacy threats.


Phishing attacks are getting more and more sophisticated as digital messages are carefully sent to fool people by relying on a link to download malware or expose confidential data.

With staff of most organizations becoming more aware of the risks of e-mail phishing or clicking on questionable links, hackers, for example, use machine intelligence to ensure recipients are unknowingly damaging their organization’s networks and processes. These attacks allow hackers to rob user logins, credit card passwords and other forms of personal financial information and provide private databases.


Ironically or maybe not, when you use applications and Internet services that other people don’t care twice about, your personal data is most definitely at risk. Through knowing too much about you and using it to show public ads that they believe is important, Google and Facebook, for instance, have made an incredibly profitable business.

Most of them use behind-the-scenes software to watch what you do, not only at their facilities, but while you browse the internet. This is what encourages them to show you the kind of creepy ads you’ve just looked at everywhere for products. The ones that make you feel like someone needs to be watching, you know.

Ransomware Attacks

Ransomware attacks cost victims a billion dollars a year, since hackers use technologies that literally kidnap private or corporate databases and hold all of the ransom data. The rise of cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin has been credited for contributing to ransomware attacks by anonymous ransom requests.

As organizations continue to focus upon improving their security in order to defend themselves against ransomware attacks, some experts think that hackers target others, including high-net worth individuals, who are potentially profitable.

Browser extensions

A study says that many browser extensions that people use for marketing research to catch and sell their web surfing history. This is right; the plugins that you add to Chrome or Firefox can sell your personal details.

Fortunately, Google and Mozilla are pretty much all around it, but you can do something as well. The main thing: don’t install third-party browser extensions that require permission to collect the information. You may also want to consider a more confidential browser, which disables cross-site tracking, such as Brave or Safari, as default.

IoT Attacks

The Internet of Things is increasingly ubiquitous (according to, the number of devices connected to the IoT is expected to reach 75 billion by 2025). It includes laptops and tablets, routers, webcams, home appliances, smart clock machines, medical devices,  fabricators, vehicles, and even home security systems.

Linked devices are useful for customers and are now used by many companies to save money through extensive knowledge and business processes modification. More connected devices however present a greater risk, which increases IoT networks’ susceptibility to cyber-attack and infiltration. Once hacked, IoT devices can be used to cause financially useful equipment crash, overload, or lock.

Webcam Hacking

This is probably the least of all about the privacy violation, mainly because it’s the least likely to occur – although at Zoom we’ve learnt about a malfunction, a popular visual conference program that causes a malicious website to trigger the camera without your consent or knowledge (the company has since patched the flaw)

It’s just the most horrible thing to think of. Obviously, no one wants to believe someone might watch them physically beyond their knowledge.

The best news is that some vendors now have computers that are called “kill switch,” meaning you can track whether the Webcam is enabled or not by clicking or using a remote.

Smart Medical Devices and Electronic Medical Records (EMRs)

The medical sector is now experiencing a big transformation as much patient data has now shifted online practitioners profit from the advances of smart medical technology. However, as the health industry suits the digital environment, privacy, protection and cybersecurity risks have a number of concerns.

With hospitals and medical institutions still in the process of digitizing their medical records, Hackers target a variety of gaps in their security protections. Now that most patient medical records are available, they are a main priority for hackers because of the confidential information they have.

State-Sponsored Attacks

Aside from hackers who would like to benefit from theft of data, whole states use their cyber ability to penetrate other nations and assault vital infrastructure. Cybercrime today poses a significant menace not only for the private sector and individuals but for the government and the country as a whole. State-sponsored threats are expected to rise by 2022 with attacks on sensitive infrastructure.

Many of these attacks threaten government and private sector entities’ networks and facilities. “State-sponsored cyber assaults are an emerging and significant risk for private companies to challenge those business world sectors that offer convenient geo-political grievances,” according to a study by Thomson Reuters Labs.

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