Insurance can be termed as an agreement between two parties in which one agrees to provide compensation to the other during specified damage or loss.
The general concept on which nearly all insurance companies work is known as collective risk. It encourages people to accumulate premiums from numerous people, assuming that only an estimated percentage of people will file claims in the present year.
The estimation is based on actuarial calculations that define the invest company’s risk appetite. In case the company receives more than the expected number of claims, they spend a portion of the premium to purchase reinsurance. To understand what is reinsurance, make sure to keep reading this article.
What is Reinsurance?
When insurance companies get insurance for themselves, the process is known as reinsurance. While insurance companies are liable for covering the risks of businesses and individuals, reinsurance protects them from excessive claims because of varying reasons.
Usually, companies take this financial tool to reduce their exposure and mitigate a particular risk such as a natural catastrophe or act of god. If any claim occurs after purchasing this, the reinsurance company deals with it on their own.
Different Types of Reinsurance
Majorly, two different types of reinsurances exist in the market namely:
- Treaty Reinsurance – In this category of reinsurance, the reinsurer covers all the risks of the company for a stated duration of time. If the reinsurer couldn’t manage to assess the risks of the company properly, it can be very risky for them.
- Facultative Reinsurance – Facultative resistance requires the reinsurer to underwrite risks associated with every policy in the form of a single transaction. As reinsurers can evaluate the individual risk of policies with this, it mostly works in their favor.
How Reinsurance Helps in Maintaining Stability in The Industry
With the help of reinsurance, insurance companies can restrict the loss stated in their balance sheets. This allows them to remain solvent, and by sharing the loss with their reinsurer, the companies make sure that they can manage all the claims related to a specific risk.
In simple words, reinsurance can help the insurance company to mitigate and cover their risks while improving their underwriting practices. The major reason why insurance companies choose to get reinsurance is to reduce the financial burden on the company when several claims are made at once.
It can happen due to natural disasters like floods, earthquakes, and cyclones that may be the reason for numerous claims from a particular area. With the help of a reinsurance contract, the insurance company can gain a portion of the claim from the reinsurer and mitigate big losses.
Advantages of Reinsurance
1. Stabilized Premium Rates
Reinsurance also helps in stabilizing the premium rates of an insurance policy. The amount of premium is generally determined by the loss experienced by the insurance company earlier, concerning the risk involved.
Although reinsurance also takes all of these things into account, the premium rates are determined as per numerous types of risks that may be listed on the mutual agreement signed between the insurance company and the reinsurer.
2. Helps Reduce Risk
The main goal of a reinsurance policy is to help the insurer to reduce risk. As it spreads the risk over a large area, the individual loss is effectively minimized which allows insurance companies to have peace of mind. Reinsurance helps insurers greatly in keeping their revenues stable.
3. Insurance Fund Protection
With the help of reinsurance, the insurance funds kept by the company are completely safe and secure. It acts as an added advantage for the insurer and the company by offering a sense of security and peace of mind.
4. Lesser Profit Fluctuations
To a considerable extent, the reinsurance policy allows the insurance company to reduce the profit fluctuations of the company. However, if the insurer retains several heavy risks, the profits will fall greatly because of a single major loss.
5. Enhances Goodwill
Reinsurance also helps insurance companies to maintain proper goodwill as well as credibility in the market. By spreading the risks over a large area, it prevents the company from disappointing their customers and manages to regain their trust.
6. Reduces Competition
As multiple companies work cooperatively, the personal competition between them is greatly reduced. Moreover, it not only increases the morale of the employees but also develops a helping nature in them that proves to be very fruitful in future.
7. Minimal Dealings
Due to the nature of reinsurance, the insurance company needs to involve in minimum dealings, that too with only one insurer. Unavailability of reinsurance may also lead to the absence of the insurance facility that may be a big problem for the policyholders.
In case this happens, the policyholder is required to opt-in for numerous individual insurance agreements for the same asset. This also includes loss of valuable time, considerable costs, and also reduces the pace of your protection cover.
8. Growth of Business
The most prominent advantage of reinsurance is the fact that it allows insurance businesses to grow. As the complete risk will be distributed equally among various other reinsurers, it motivates the insurance companies to continue their operations.
If reinsurance wouldn’t have existed, there is very less likely that insurance companies will ever take on all the risks, especially when they exceed way beyond their manageable capacity. That’s why reinsurance helps in the growth of insurance companies.
Natural disasters can happen anytime, and they might bring a lot of unfortunate deaths with them. In such a case, an insurance company might experience a surge in the total number of claims received from a particular area. With the help of reinsurance, these companies can mitigate their risk by spreading it across multiple insurers. This allows the company to regain their customer loyalty and build goodwill in the market, along with complete peace of mind. Now you probably know what reinsurance is.